Gates and Walls of Jerusalem
The magnificent walls of Jerusalem's Old City constitute a living example of Arab Islamic architecture. The walls surrounding the Old City were built by the Ottoman under the direct supervision of Sultan Suleiman Al-Qanouni in 1542.
The walls stretch for 12 miles over an area with a diameter of 2.5 miles and rise to an average height of 40 feet, and a width of more than 7 feet. It contains 43 surveillance towers and 11 gates, seven of which are presently open.
Damascus Gate (Bab El-Amoud)
This is the largest, most elaborate and most heavily defended of the Old City's seven open gates. It is also the only one to have been excavated.
Herods Gate (Bab Assahera)
A small gate at the North of the Old City leading to Muslim Quarter.
Jaffa Gate (Bab El-Khalil)
Jaffa Gate is the main western entrance to the Old City. Bab El-Khalil is very much a tourist gate. The shops around the gate are purely for tourists. On the right just inside the gate, is one of the city's best known sites, The Citadel (Tower of David).
Zion Gate (Bab Ennabi Daoud)
This gate connects the Armenian Quarter with Mount Zion, which lies outside the walls and serves as a border between it and the Jewish Quarter.
Dung Gate (Bab El-Magharbeh)
It is the only city gate that leads to the Jewish Quarter as well as Al-Haram El-Sharif (Al-Aqsa Mosque). On the right just inside the gate, the Ophel Archaeological Gardens capture the whole of Jerusalem's turbulent history in a confined area.
New Gate (Al-Bab El-Jadid)
Al-Bab El-Jadid lies at the northwest corner of the Old City. It was constructed to create access between the Christian Quarter within the city walls and the new Christian properties outside them.
Lions Gate (St. Stephen's Gate)
This marks the beginning of the Via Dolorosa and is on the eastern side of the Old City.
Golden Gate (Bab Arrahmeh)
This gate has been sealed since the 1600's and legend has it that the Messiah will pass through it.